Elephants are amazing, beautiful animals and the largest land mammals on earth. Due to poaching and habitual destruction, the population of theses beautiful animals is drastically decreasing. Elephants need all of the help and awareness they can get to stop more of them being affected. To help elephants all over the world, take a look at Save the Elephants
Elephants love water, they absolutely love to swim and enjoy diving into the water. The buoyancy of being in the water gives their joints a break.
Female elephants can have babies up unit they are about 50 years old. Twins are very rare and the elephants usually have one baby every two and a half to four years.
There have been many stories about elephants getting drunk from eating fermented fruit. This is not true as elephants don’t eat fruit of the floor, they pick them from the trees. If they did happen to eat some of the floor, they would need about 1,400 pieces each to get drunk.
Elephants are mainly killed for their tusks. Poachers and buyers believe that they have some kind of medical value, however, this has been proven to be wrong by many scientists who say that a tusk is very similar to bone and therefor nothing special.
Elephants can pick up very small items, as small as a grain of rice with their trunks, despite the trunk weighing up to 400 pounds, they are incredibly dextrous.
Their skin is sensitive, in fact, elephants skin is so sensitive they can feel a fly landing on them.
Newborn elephants can stand shortly after birth, they are born blind and weigh about 260 pounds.
Unfortunately, elephants have been used as working animals since ancient times. The bulls are very large, powerful animals that can be dangerous to work with. Because of this, they have been chained up and abused. They have even been used in wars.
Elephants are often thought of as having very good memories, it is thought that they have cognitive maps that allow them to remember large scale spaces over long periods of time.
The oldest elephant in the world was Lin Wang, an Asian elephant, who died in February 2009 at the age of 86. The average lifespan for an elephant in the wild is anywhere between 60 to 70 years.
Elephants can hear one another’s trumpeting for up to 6 miles. They produce several types of sounds with the most well known being the trumpet. This is made during excitement, distress or aggression.
Elephants love to touch one another, it’s an important form of communication. They greet each other by touching trunks or wrapping them together. The trunks are also used to discipline younger elephants by the elders, they use their trunks to slap, kick and shove the younger, misbehaving elephants.
Elephants have human like emotions and feel loss, grieving and crying. They even remember to mourn the loss of their loved ones. When Laurence Anthony (the elephant whisperer) died, a herd of elephants arrived at his house to mourn him.
Hyraxes are the closest living relatives to elephants. Hyraxes are small, thickset herbivorous mammals that are often mistaken for rodents.
Contrary to popular belief, elephants are not frightened of mice. They are frightened of ants and bees. Farmers in Africa protect their fields from elephants by lining the boarders with beehives.
Elephants are so heavy that they cannot get all four legs of the floor at the same time. This means that they can move backwards and forwards, but cannot trot, jump or gallop.
Although elephants are the largest animals on land, they are actually tiny compared to a blue whale, who’s tongue weighs the same as an entire elephant.
Elephants can detect seismic activity signals thanks to the sensory cells in their feet.
To protect their skin from sunlight, elephants use mud as sun screen. If the elephants didn’t cover themselves in the mud, their skin would suffer from some serious damage from sunburn, insect bites and moisture loss.
Elephants can be feeding for up to 16 hours a day and can consume up to 600 pounds of food.
Elephants are one of the few animals that have passed the mirror test, along with great apes, magpies and Dolphins.
Elephants are polyphyodonts, they don’t have baby teeth that fall out and are replaced with adult teeth. They have cycles of tooth rotation throughout their lives.
An elephants trunk has more than 40,000 muscles in it.
The largest elephant ever on record weighed 26,000 pounds and was 13 feet high.
Female elephants are pregnant for 22 months. The longest gestation period of all mammals.